**Warp Drive Propulsion within Maxwell’s Equations**

**Todd J. Desiato & Ricardo C. Storti**

**Abstract**

The possibility of engineering an electromagnetic propulsion system that propels its own mass and

4-current density to an arbitrary superluminal velocity, while experiencing no time dilation or length

contraction is discussed. The Alcubierre “warp drive” metric space-time is compared to an electromagnetic

field, superimposed onto an array of time varying 4-current density sources. From the Relativistic

Lagrangian densities, an electromagnetic version of the Alcubierre metric is derived. It is shown that the

energy condition violation required by the metric, is provided by the interaction term of the Lagrangian

density. Negative energy density exists as the relative potential energy between the sources. This

interaction results in a macroscopic quantum phase shift, as is found in the Bohm-Aharonov Effect,

manifested as the Lorentz force. The energy density of the vacuum field is positive and derived from the

free electromagnetic field. Using a polarizable vacuum approach, this energy density may also be

interpreted as negative resulting from a negative, relative permittivity. Conservation laws then lead to the

interpretation of the free electromagnetic field as the reaction force of the propulsion system, radiated away

behind the sources. The metric components and the Lorentz force are shown to be independent of the

forward group velocity “ *v _{s}* ”. Therefore, velocities

*v*>

_{s}*c*may be permitted.

###### Reference: Desiato, T. J. & Storti, R. C. (2003 January 27). Warp Drive Propulsion within Maxwell’s Equations. PACS numbers: 03.03.+p, 03.50.De, 04.20.Cv, 04.25.Dm, 04.40.Nr, 04.50.+h. © Todd J. Desiato & Ricardo C. Storti. Reproduced with permission.

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AEROSPACE99 TEAM11 March, 2019 at 11:43 amNote that in this paper the background metric was erroneously assumed to be flat. Once the warp drive is turned on, the metric background changes, and this fact was not taken into account. The authors later improved the theory in subsequent researches.